Some of the most important explorations of State Societies , in chronological order:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Connected the Atlantic to the Indian Ocean. Categories : Exploration History-related lists.
Portuguese colonization of Atlantic islands in the s inaugurated an era of aggressive European expansion across the Atlantic. In the s, Spain surpassed Portugal as the dominant European power. This age of exploration and the subsequent creation of an Atlantic World marked the earliest phase of globalization , in which previously isolated groups—Africans, Native Americans, and Europeans—first came into contact with each other, sometimes with disastrous results. Portuguese mariners built an Atlantic empire by colonizing the Canary, Cape Verde, and Azores Islands, as well as the island of Madeira. Merchants then used these Atlantic outposts as debarkation points for subsequent journeys. From these strategic points, Portugal spread its empire down the western coast of Africa to the Congo, along the western coast of India, and eventually to Brazil on the eastern coast of South America. It also established trading posts in China and Japan.
Amerigo Vespucci was an Italian-born merchant and explorer who took part in early voyages to the New World on behalf of Spain around the late 15th century. By that time, the Vikings had established settlements in present-day North America as early as 1, A. Vespucci was the son of Nastagio, a notary.
The story of North American exploration spans an entire millennium andinvolves a wide array of European powers and uniquely American characters. The first attempt by Europeans to colonize the New World occurred around A. There they established a colony named Vineland meaning fertile region and from that base sailed along the coast of North America, observing the flora, fauna and native peoples. Inexplicably, Vineland was abandoned after only a few years. Although the Vikings never returned to America, other Europeans came to know of their accomplishments.