A bipartisan group in Congress has introduced The Equality Act, a historic piece of legislation that would explicitly and strongly extend civil rights protections to cover LGBTQ people nationwide. How would it impact my job, my school, or my health care? What if I already live in a state with legal protections for transgender people? Below are some key questions and answers about The Equality Act and what it could mean for you, your family, and your ability to live your life.
The History of Sex Discrimination Legislation in the US
Words that seem short and simple often conceal the greatest complexity in meaning. The longest entries in the Oxford English Dictionary are not for long words but the multifarious run and set. A leaked memo, obtained by the New York Times , suggests that the Trump Administration may soon attempt to rein in the word after a long period during which courts have expanded its legal meaning. The Obama Administration took the view that the word sex , like an umbrella, also covers gender identity.
Employees are protected from discrimination at all stages of employment including recruitment , workplace terms and conditions and dismissal. Sex discrimination may be direct or indirect. Direct sex discrimination is when an employee is treating unfavourably because of their sex. Indirect sex discrimination can occur if employers or managers hold assumptions about what sort of work women and men are capable, or not capable, of doing.
The United States Constitution did not mention women or limit any of its rights or privileges to males. The word "persons" was used, which sounds gender neutral. However, common law, inherited from British precedents, informed the interpretation of the law.