Sexual transmitted diseases effecting americca teenagers
For some STDs, such as chlamydia, adolescent females may have increased susceptibility to infection because of increased cervical ectopy. Cervical ectopy refers to columnar cells, which are typically found within the cervical canal, located on the outer surface of the cervix. Although this is a normal finding in adolescent and young women, these cells are more susceptible to infection. The higher prevalence of STDs among adolescents may also reflect multiple barriers to accessing quality STD prevention and management services, including inability to pay, lack of transportation, long waiting times, conflict between clinic hours and work and school schedules, embarrassment attached to seeking STD services, method of specimen collection, and concerns about confidentiality e. Traditionally, intervention efforts have targeted individual level factors associated with STD risk which do not address higher-level factors e. In , there were 1,, reported cases of chlamydial infection among persons aged 15—24 years, representing
Understanding and Preventing Teenage Pregnancy and Sexually Transmitted Disease/AIDS | SpringerLink
Sexually transmitted infections STIs , also referred to as sexually transmitted diseases STDs , are infections that are commonly spread by sexual activity , especially vaginal intercourse , anal sex and oral sex. More than 30 different bacteria , viruses , and parasites can be transmitted through sexual activity. The most effective way of preventing STIs is by not having sex. In , about 1. Not all STIs are symptomatic , and symptoms may not appear immediately after infection.
Sexually transmitted diseases STDs are infections that are passed from one person to another through sexual contact. The causes of STDs are bacteria, parasites, yeast, and viruses. There are more than 20 types of STDs, including.
While sexually transmitted diseases STDs affect individuals of all ages, STDs take a particularly heavy toll on young people. CDC estimates that youth ages make up just over one quarter of the sexually active population, but account for half of the 20 million new sexually transmitted infections that occur in the United States each year. The resources on this page provide information about the impact of STDs on youth as well as resources for reaching this population. June 4,